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Saint Luke’s Episcopal Church, New Haven, Connecticut (1844- )

St Luke's Episcopal Church
Image Caption: St. Luke’s Congregation in Front of the Church, ca. 1930
Image Ownership, Public Domain
Established on June 7, 1844, Saint Luke’s Episcopal Church of New Haven, Connecticut, is the fourth oldest black Episcopal Church in the United States.  Born of the righteous indignation of its founding members over continuing acts of racial discrimination meted out by the white vestry of Trinity Episcopal Church on the Green in New Haven, Saint Luke’s boasts a proud heritage.

In 1842, Trinity Episcopal’s vestry relegated black church members to four pews (numbers 143, 144, 146, and 184) at the rear of the gallery in the church.  Outraged and indignant, the black members of the congregation, led by Alexander DuBois, great-grandfather of W.E.B. DuBois, began proceedings to institute an independent black Episcopal church.  W.E.B. DuBois noted that “when the white Episcopalians of Trinity Parish, New Haven, showed plainly that they no longer wanted black folk as fellow Christians, he (his great grandfather, Alexander DuBois) led the revolt, which resulted in St. Luke's Parish.”

By March of 1844, the plans for an independent black church entered the final stages as members of the black congregation, including the senior DuBois, met with the rector of Trinity, the Reverend Harry Croswell.  Arrangements were made to allow the members of the new church to meet in the basement of Trinity until a church building was secured.  On June 7, 1844, the black congregation leaders officially established Saint Luke’s Episcopal Church of New Haven.  The Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut formally admitted Saint Luke’s as a parish at the annual convention in Hartford on June 11, 1844.  The nascent parish consisted of 30 families; the original church officers were Peter Vogelsang, Clerk; Alexander DuBois, Treasurer; Henry S. Merriman, Warden; and Richard Green, Vestryman.

Today, nestled in the heart of New Haven among small storefront businesses, Saint Luke’s is a neighbor to Yale University.  The parish ministers to a diverse population including services to the poor, the disadvantaged and the elderly.  They offer a clothing closet and a feeding program, and have a thriving youth ministry.  The Saint Luke’s music ministry includes the award-winning Saint Luke’s Steel Band, which has performed to standing room only crowds at the Caribbean Music Fests in Virginia Beach, Virginia, as well as the Duke Ellington Concert Series at Yale University.  Saint Luke’s parish actively works to assimilate and to serve New Haven’s Caribbean immigrant population.

The Rev. James Theodore Holly (1829-1911), the first African-American Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States numbers among its early rectors. Reverend Holly later established the Episcopal Church in Haiti and led the Episcopal Church in the Dominican Republic (1897-1911).  Saint Luke’s is currently shepherded by Father Richard D. Meadows, the 17th rector in parish history.

Randall K. Burkett, “The Reverend Harry Croswell and Black Episcopalians in New Haven, 1820-1860,” The North Star: A Journal of African American Religious History, Volume 7, Number 1 (Fall 2003), 1-20.;   W. E. B. DuBois, Darkwater; Voices from Within the Veil (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Howe, 1920); Edward Getlein, A History of Trinity Church On-The-Green, New Haven, Connecticut, 1752-1976 (New Haven: Trinity Church on the Green, 1976);;


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