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Yearsort iconEventsSubjectCountryEra
1492Christopher Columbus makes his first voyage to the New World opening a vast new empire for plantation slavery.01-011492-1600
1494The first Africans arrive in Hispaniola with Christopher Columbus. They are free persons.01-011492-1600
1501The Spanish king allows the introduction of enslaved Africans into Spain's American colonies.01-011492-1600
1511The first enslaved Africans arrive in Hispaniola.01-011492-1600
1513Thirty Africans accompany Vasco Nunez de Balboa on his trip to the Pacific Ocean.01-011492-1600
1517Bishop Bartolome de Las Casas petitions Spain to allow the importation of twelve enslaved Africans for each household immigrating to America's Spanish colonies. De Las Casas later regrets his actions and becomes an opponent of slavery.01-011492-1600
1518King Charles I of Spain grants the first licenses to import enslaved Africans to the Americas.01-011492-1600
1518The first shipload of enslaved Africans directly from Africa arrives in the West Indies. Prior to this time, Africans were brought first to Europe.01-011492-1600
1519Hernan Cortez begins conquest of the Aztec Empire.01-011492-1600
1520sEnslaved Africans are used as laborers in Puerto Rico, Cuba and Mexico.01-011492-1600
1522African slaves stage a rebellion in Hispaniola. This is the first slave uprising in the New World.01-011492-1600
1526Spanish colonists led by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon build the community of San Miguel de Guadape in what is now Georgia. They bring along enslaved Africans, considered to be the first in the present-day United States. These Africans flee the colony, however, and make their homes with local Indians. After Ayllon's death, the remaining Spaniards relocate to Hispaniola.01-011492-1600
1527-1539Esteban, a Moroccan-born Muslim slave, explores what is now the Southwestern United States. 01-011492-1600
1540An African from Hernando de Soto's Expedition into the Lower Mississippi River valley decides to remain behind to make his home among the Native Americans there.01-011492-1600
1540Africans serve in the New Mexico Expeditions of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado and Hernando de Alarcon.01-011492-1600
1542The Spanish Crown abolishes Indian slavery.01-011492-1600
1550The first slaves directly from Africa arrive in the Brazilian city of Salvador.01-011492-1600
1562An expedition to Hispaniola led by John Hawkins, the first English slave trader, sparks English interest in that activity. Hawkins' travels also call attention to Sierra Leone. Hawkins is knighted in 1588 for his service in England's victory over the Spanish Armada.01-011492-1600
1565African farmers and artisans accompany Pedro Menendez de Aviles on the expedition that establishes the community of San Agustin (St. Augustine, Florida).01-011492-1600
1573Professor Bartolome de Albornoz of the University of Mexico writes against the enslavement and sale of Africans.01-011492-1600
1598Isabel de Olvera, a free mulatto, accompanies the Juan Guerra de Resa Expedition which colonizes what is now New Mexico. 01-011492-1600
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